Archive for the Category » Pacific Countries «

Fiji

Fiji flagFiji <<FEE jee>> is a country in the South Pacific Ocean. It is made up of more than 800 islands and reefs. A reef is a narrow strip of rock, sand, or coral at or near the surface of the ocean. Coral is a colorful, stonelike material made up of the skeletons of small sea animals.... Read More

Kiribati

Kiribati flagKiribati <<KIHR uh BAS>> is a small country in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It is made up of 33 islands. Kiribati has three island groups: (1) the Gilbert Islands and Banaba, (2) the Phoenix Islands, and (3) the Line Islands. Most of the country’s people live in the Gilbert Islands. Tarawa, an island in the Gilbert Islands, is Kiribati’s capital.... Read More

Marshall Islands

Marshall Islands flagThe Marshall Islands is a small tropical country in the North Pacific Ocean. It lies east of the Philippine Islands and northeast of Australia. The country is made up of 29 ring-shaped islands called atolls <<AT ahlz>> and five other islands. The amount of land on each island is small, but the islands are scattered over a large area of ocean.The atoll of Majuro is the capital.... Read More

Micronesia, Federated States of

Micronesia flagFederated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a country in the North Pacific Ocean. It is made up of 607 islands in the Caroline Island group. The FSM has four states that are named for the largest islands: Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap. Palikir, on the island of Pohnpei, is the country’s capital city.... Read More

Nauru

Nauru flagNauru <<NAH roo>> is a small island country in the central Pacific Ocean. It is the third smallest country in the world. Only Vatican City and Monaco are smaller. Nauru has no capital city. The main government offices are on the southwest part of the island.... Read More

New Zealand

New Zealand flagNew Zealand is an island country in the southwest Pacific Ocean. It lies southeast of Australia. The country has two main islands, the North Island and the South Island.It also includes several smaller islands. Wellington is the capital of New Zealand, and Auckland is the largest city. Both cities are on the North Island.... Read More

Palau

Palau flagPalau <<puhl OW>> is a small island country in the western Pacific Ocean. It has about 200 islands. Palau is about 500 miles (800 kilometers) east of the Philippines. It is part of a large island group called Micronesia <<MY kruh NEE zhuh>>. Melekeok is the capital city of Palau.... Read More

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea flagPapua New Guinea <<PAP yoo uh noo GIHN ee>> is a tropical country north of Australia in the Pacific Ocean. Papua New Guinea includes part of the island of New Guinea, plus a chain of islands that stretches across more than 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers) of the ocean. Papua New Guinea shares the island of New Guinea with Indonesia, which borders it on the west. Port Moresby, on the island of New Guinea, is the capital and the largest city.... Read More

Samoa

Samoa flagSamoa <<suh MOH uh>> is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean. It lies in the western part of the Samoa Islands chain. American Samoa, an area of land controlled by the United States, lies in the eastern part of the chain. Samoa is one of the smallest countries in the world. It is made up of two main islands, Upolu and Savai’i, and many smaller islands. Apia is the capital and only city of Samoa.... Read More

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands flagThe Solomon Islands is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean. It lies about 1,000 miles (1,610 kilometers) northeast of Australia and has six main islands and many small islands. Honiara is the capital and largest city.... Read More