Archive for the Category » Lakes «

Pond

PondA pond is a small, quiet body of water. It is usually shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom. The sunlight enables rooted plants to grow across a pond bottom from shore to shore. Ponds have many different kinds of animal and plant life. The wind and streams carry in eggs, seeds, and organisms that develop into various forms of life. Pond animals include birds, crayfish, fish, frogs, insects, and turtles. Rooted plants can grow entirely underwater or have parts that reach above the surface. Leafy plants float on the surface. Tiny organisms like bacteria, algae, and worms also thrive in most ponds.... Read More

Oasis

OasisAn oasis <<oh AY sis>> is a rich, green area in a desert where underground water is close to the surface. This water allows trees and other plants to grow. The water at an oasis first fell as rain or snow in far away mountains or hills. After seeping into the ground, the water slowly moved down through the underground rocks to the desert.... Read More

Lake Victoria

Lake VictoriaLake Victoria is the biggest lake in Africa. It is also the second largest freshwater lake in the world. Only Lake Superior, in the United States, is larger.... Read More

Lake Titicaca

Lake TiticacaLake Titicaca <<TEE tee KAH kah>> is a lake in the Andes Mountains of South America. The lake lies on the border between Peru and Bolivia, 12,507 feet (3,812 meters) above sea level. The lake covers about 3,200 square miles (8,300 square kilometers) and is more than 900 feet (270 meters) deep in places. The Desaguadero River flows out of its southern end and empties into Lake Poopo in Bolivia.... Read More

Lake Tanganyika

Lake TanganyikaLake Tanganyika <<TANG guhn YEE kuh>> is the world’s longest freshwater lake. It is also the second-deepest lake in the world. Only Lake Baikal, in Russia, is deeper. Lake Tanganyika is located in east-central Africa. The lake is bordered by Burundi and Tanzania on the east and by the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia on the west. It is 420 miles (680 kilometers) long. Its greatest depth is 4,708 feet (1,435 meters). The lake covers about 12,600 square miles (32,600 square kilometers). Lake Tanganyika’s shores are mountainous. Only one major river flows into the lake. The river’s name is the Rusizi. It flows from Lake Kivu in the north. The lake’s outlet is the Lukuga River.... Read More

Lake Tahoe

Lake TahoeLake Tahoe is an oval-shaped lake on the California-Nevada border. It lies in a valley of the Sierra Nevada. The lake is 22 miles (35 kilometers) long and 12 miles (19 kilometers) wide. It is 1,637 feet (499 meters) deep at its deepest point. It is one of the deepest lakes in the continental United States. Lake Tahoe empties through the Truckee River into Pyramid Lake. Camps, homes, and resorts line Lake Tahoe’s shores. The lake and the nearby mountain streams attract fishing enthusiasts. Boating, water-skiing, and hunting are also popular.... Read More

Lake Superior

Lake SuperiorLake Superior is the largest body of fresh water in the world. It is the farthest north and west of the five Great Lakes of North America. Lake Superior forms part of an important waterway of the United States and Canada.... Read More

Lake Ontario

Lake OntarioLake Ontario is the smallest and most eastern of the five Great Lakes of North America. Lake Ontario lies partly in Canada and partly in the United States. It forms part of the boundary between those two countries. It forms an important link in the St. Lawrence Seaway system. Although Lake Ontario is open to large ships throughout the year, it has less traffic than the other Great Lakes.... Read More

Lake Onega

Lake OnegaLake Onega <<oh NEHG uh or uh NYEH guh>> is one of the largest lakes in Europe. It is located in northwestern Russia. Lake Onega covers about 3,800 square miles (9,800 square kilometers). It empties into the Svir River, which flows into Lake Ladoga.... Read More

Lake Michigan

Lake MichiganLake Michigan is the third largest of the Great Lakes and the only one that lies fully inside the United States. Lake Michigan extends southward into Michigan, dividing that state into two peninsulas. Wisconsin and Illinois form the lake’s western border. A small part of Indiana touches the southern end of the lake.... Read More