Archive for the Category » South American Cities «


Asunción << ah soon SYAWN>> is the capital, largest city, and chief port of Paraguay. It is in central Paraguay, on a bay of the Paraguay River. It is near Argentina’s northeastern border.... Read More


Bogotá <<BOH guh TAH>> is the capital and largest city of Colombia. The city is on a plateau about 8,660 feet (2,640 meters) above sea level, in the Andes Mountains. The mountains around Bogotá give the city a dramatic appearance.At the center of Bogotá is the Plaza Bolívar. This main square is surrounded by historic buildings.... Read More


Brasília <<brah SEEL yuh>> is the capital of Brazil. It has modern buildings and wide streets. Most workers in Brasília have jobs with the government.... Read More

Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires <<BWAY nohs EYE rays>> is the capital and largest city of Argentina. It is also the country’s chief port and leading industrial center. Most of Argentina’s foreign trade passes through the city. About a third of Argentina’s people live in the Buenos Aires area. The city lies in eastern Argentina, along a bay called the Rio de la Plata (Silver River).... Read More


Caracas <<kuh RAH kuhs>> is the capital and largest cit of Venezuela. It is also the country’s economic center. Caracas is in northern Venezuela, near the port city of La Guaira. It is one of Latin America’s most modern cities.... Read More


Cusco <<KOOS koh>>, also spelled Cuzco, is a city in southern Peru. It lies in the Andes Mountains. Cusco was the capital of the Inca empire in the 1400′s and early 1500′s.... Read More


Georgetown is the capital and chief city of Guyana. Guyana is a country in northeastern South America. Georgetown lies on the east bank of the Demerara River. It faces the Atlantic Ocean. Most people in Georgetown have African or Asian Indian ancestors. Some have American Indian, European, or Chinese ancestors.... Read More

La Paz

La Paz <<lah PAHS or luh PAZ>> is one of Bolivia’s two capitals. It is the nation’s political and commercial center. The executive (managing) and legislative (lawmaking) branches of Bolivia’s government are in La Paz. The Supreme Court is in Sucre, the official capital.... Read More


Lima <<LEE mah>> is the capital and largest city of Peru. It is the nation’s major commercial, cultural, and industrial center. Lima lies in western Peru, about 8 miles (13 kilometers) from the Pacific Ocean. The Lima area extends west to the Pacific. The Andes Mountains rise east of the area.... Read More


Manaus is a major inland city of Brazil. It is also the capital of the state of Amazonas. Manaus lies on the Negro River, about 10 miles (16 kilometers) from the junction of the Negro and Amazon rivers. It is about 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers) from the mouth of the Amazon. However, it still can be reached by ocean-going ships. Manaus is the trading center for the area around the Amazon Basin. It trades in products of the Amazon forests, including hardwoods, Brazil nuts, and rubber.... Read More