Archive for the Category » Land «

Yucatán Peninsula

Yucatan PeninsulaThe Yucatán <<yoo kuh TAN>> Peninsula is a piece of land that separates the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea. It includes Mexico’s southeastern states of Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Yucatán; nearly all of the country of Belize; and part of El Petén, a section of the country of Guatemala. The peninsula covers over 75,000 square miles (194,000 square kilometers).... Read More

Valley

ValleyA valley is a natural dip in the ground. Valleys run through hills, mountains, and flat areas of land called plains. Valleys are found on the ocean floor, too. Some valleys are narrow, and some are wide. Rivers and streams often flow through valleys. Many valleys have good soil for farmland.... Read More

Tundra

TundraA tundra is a cold, dry region covered by snow for more than half the year. Trees cannot grow in tundras because the winters are long and cold and the summers are short and cool. However, certain plants can live in the tundra. They include mosses, grasses, low shrubs, and grasslike plants called sedges <<SEHJ ihz>>.... Read More

Swat Place

Swat-placeSwat is a valley in the Hindu Kush mountains in northwestern Pakistan. The Swat River flows through the valley.... Read More

Steppe

Steppesteppe <<stehp>> is an area covered mainly by short grasses. Steppes are found in dry areas that have hot summers and cold winters. Sometimes, the summers are so hot that the grasses catch on fire. When fire occurs, it is more dangerous than usual because the grass is so dry that the flames spread quickly. Most steppes receive an average of from 10 to 20 inches (25 to 51 centimeters) of rain a year. This amount of rain is less than a prairie gets, but more than a desert receives. In North America, steppes cover most of the area from northern New Mexico to southern Alberta, which is in Canada. In Europe and Asia, they extend from southwestern Russia into central Asia.... Read More

Savanna

Savannasavanna <<suh VAN uh>> is a grassland with widely scattered trees and bushes. Most savannas are found in warm, wet areas. They usually lie between deserts and rain forests.... Read More

Prairie

PrairiePrairies are regions of flat or hilly land. They are covered mainly by tall grasses. The North American prairie stretches from Texas in the United States to Saskatchewan in Canada. It includes most of Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Illinois, South Dakota, North Dakota, Alberta, and Manitoba, and parts of other states and provinces.... Read More

Plain

PlainA plain is a big stretch of land that is nearly flat. Plains may be found along a coast or inland.... Read More

Permafrost

PermafrostPermafrost is ground that stays frozen for at least two years. Such ground may be made up of rocks, sand, or soil. Usually ice surrounds this material, making it into a hard mass. Permafrost with little ice in it is called dry permafrost.... Read More

Peninsula

PeninsulaPeninsulas <<puh NIHN suh luhz>> are areas of land that are surrounded by water except at the point where they connect to a larger piece of land. Peninsulas are usually long, thin strips of land, but some may cover wide areas. Some peninsulas are joined to the mainland by a wide base. Others are connected by an isthmus <<IHS muhs>>. An isthmus is a thin strip of land that connects two larger bodies of land.... Read More