Archive for the Category » Mountains «

Yosemite National Park

Yosemite National ParkYosemite <<yoh SEHM ih tee>> National Park is a great wilderness in east-central California. It is in the Sierra Nevada mountains, about 150 miles (240 kilometers) east of San Francisco. It has about 800 miles (1,300 kilometers) of trails. Most of the trails lead to the “High Sierra,” a region of sparkling lakes, rushing streams, and jagged mountain peaks.... Read More

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National ParkYellowstone National Park is the oldest national park in the world. It was established in 1872 by the United States government. The park lies in the northwest corner of Wyoming and spreads into Idaho and Montana. It covers several high, flat pieces of land calledplateaus <<plah TOHZ>>. Mountains rise on the north, east, and west sides of the park. Yellowstone National Park was named for the yellow rocks that lie along the Yellowstone River north of the park.... Read More

Yü Shan

Yü ShanYü Shan, also spelled Yushan, is the highest peak on the island of Taiwan. It rises 13,113 feet (3,997 meters) above the center of the island. The name Yü Shan meansJade Mountain. It is part of the Yü Shan Range.... Read More

Volcano

VolcanoA volcano is a hole or crack in the earth. Sometimes, hot rocks and gas shoot out of that crack. This blast of hot rocks and gas is called an eruption <<ih RUHP shuhn>>.Most volcanoes are cone-shaped mountains.... Read More

Vesuvius

VesuviusVesuvius <<vuh SOO vee uhs>> is an active volcano in Europe. An active volcano may erupt, or explode, at any time. Vesuvius rises about 7 miles (11 kilometers) southeast of the city of Naples, Italy.... Read More

Uluru

UluruUluru is a huge rock shaped something like a loaf of bread. It is the world’s largest single stone. It rises 1,100 feet (335 meters) above a desert in the middle of Australia.Uluru measures 5 miles (8 kilometers) all the way around. It is made of a type of rock called red sandstone. Uluru is sometimes called Ayers Rock.... Read More

Stone Mountain

Stone MountainStone Mountain is about 16 miles (26 kilometers) east of Atlanta, Georgia. It rises over 700 feet (210 meters) above the surrounding terrain. It is about 2 miles (3.2 kilometers) long and 1 mile (1.6 kilometers) wide.... Read More

Sierra Nevada

Sierra NevadaThe Sierra Nevada is a huge mountain range in eastern California. It is more than 400 miles (640 kilometers) long. Its width ranges from about 40 to 70 miles (64 to 110 kilometers). Close to its eastern edge are several peaks that rise more than 14,000 feet (4,270 meters). The highest is Mount Whitney (14,494 feet, or 4,418 meters). The Sierra Nevada covers about 30,000 square miles (78,000 square kilometers).... Read More

Sierra Madre

Sierra MadreSierra Madre <<see AIR uh MAHD ray>> is the name of three mountain ranges in Mexico. The ranges are Sierra Madre Oriental, Sierra Madre Occidental, and Sierra Madre del Sur. The name Sierra Madre means “mother range” in Spanish.... Read More

Rocky Mountains

Rocky MountainsThe Rocky Mountains are the largest mountain chain in North America. The Rockies stretch more than 3,000 miles (4,800 kilometers) through the United States and Canada. The chain is about 350 miles (563 kilometers) wide in some places. In the United States, the Rockies stretch through New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, Washington, and Alaska. The Canadian Rockies spread through Alberta, British Columbia, the Northwest Territories, and Yukon.... Read More