Archive for the Category » Mountains «


PyreneesThe Pyrenees <<PIHR uh NEEZ>> are mountains in Europe. They mark the border between France and Spain. The small country of Andorra also lies along the south side of the Pyrenees.... Read More


Plateauplateau <<plah TOH>> is a high flatland. Some plateaus were once lands called plains. Forces inside Earth pushed the plains upward and made them plateaus. Other plateaus lie on flat rock. Often the rock is lava that came from erupting volcanoes.... Read More

Pikes Peak

Pikes PeakPikes Peak is probably the best known of the Rocky Mountain peaks in Colorado. It is the first one seen by travelers approaching from the east. Its snow-capped peak is 14,110 feet (4,301 meters) above sea level. Pine and spruce forests grow to a height of 11,700 feet (3,566 meters) on its slopes. Pikes Peak is the center of one of the most popular mountain-resort areas in America.... Read More


ParicutínParicutín <<puh REE kuh TEEN>> is a volcanic mountain in southwestern Mexico. It is a cone-shaped mountain of cinder that formed during a volcanic eruption. Paricutín stands near the city of Uruapan. It was named for the village of Paricutín, which was destroyed in the eruption.... Read More

Ozark Mountains

Ozark MountainsThe Ozark Mountains are a range of hills extending from southern Illinois across Missouri and into Arkansas and Oklahoma. The Ozarks rise from 1,500 to 2,300 feet (457 to 701 meters) above sea level. Their highest peaks are the Boston Mountains of Arkansas. The Ozarks are part of the Ozark region. This region also includes areas of flatland. The Ozark region covers about 40,000 square miles (100,000 square kilometers).... Read More

Orizaba, Pico de

OrizabaPico de Orizaba <<PEE koh day AWR uh ZAH buh or aw ree SAH vah>> is the highest mountain in Mexico. It is the third highest mountain in North America. Only Mount McKinley and Mount Logan are higher. Pico de Orizaba rises 18,410 feet (5,611 meters) above sea level. Its Aztec name, Citlaltepetl <<see tlahl TAY peht uhl>> means “mountain of the star.” The mountain stands about 30 miles (48 kilometers) north of the city of Orizaba, Mexico. It is a volcano that last erupted in the late 1600’s.... Read More


MountainMountains are parts of the land that stand much higher than the land around them. Mountains usually have steep slopes, or sides, and sharp or slightly rounded peaks.Some mountains stand alone and others are part of a group of mountains called a range. A group of mountain ranges forms a mountain system.... Read More

Mount Saint Helens

Mount Saint HelensMount Saint Helens is a volcano in the Cascade Mountains near Seattle, Washington. Mount Saint Helens erupted, or blew up, on May 18, 1980. The eruption caused many deaths and great damage. Mount Saint Helens was the first volcano in the United States outside Alaska to erupt since 1917.... Read More

Mount Rushmore National Memorial

Mount Rushmore National MemorialMount Rushmore National Memorial is a huge carving that shows the faces of four American presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln. The head of Washington is as high as a five-story building. The faces are carved into a rocky cliff called Mount Rushmore in the Black Hills of South Dakota. The cliff is made of granite.... Read More

Mount Rainier

Mount RainierMount Rainier, <<ruh NIHR or RAY neer>>, is the highest mountain in the state of Washington. It is in Mount Rainier National Park, near Seattle. The peak is 14,410 feet (4,392 meters) above sea level. Gassy fumes still rise from Mount Rainier’s great volcanic cone. The Wonderland Trail encircles the mountain.... Read More