Nauru <<NAH roo>> is a small island nation within the central Pacific Ocean. It’s the third smallest nation on the planet. Solely Vatican Metropolis and Monaco are smaller. Nauru has no capital metropolis. The primary authorities workplaces are on the southwest a part of the island.
Nauru is an oval-formed coral island. Most of its land is a excessive, flat plain referred to as a plateau. The plateau is wealthy in phosphates, that are used to make fertilizers. Farmers use fertilizers to assist them develop crops.
Most of Nauru’s individuals stay alongside the Pacific coast. About half the individuals are Nauruans, a Pacific Island individuals. Most of them converse each the Nauruan language and English. The Nauruans are Christians.
The remainder of Nauru’s individuals are from Kiribati, Tuvalu, China, and Australia. They arrive for restricted durations of time to work within the phosphate mines.
The federal government of Nauru offers the individuals with trendy houses for little cash. It additionally runs hospitals and clinics that give free medical care. A lot of the cash used for these providers comes from the sale of phosphate rock that’s mined in Nauru and bought to different nations.
Individuals have lived on Nauru for tons of of years, or perhaps longer. The primary European to go to Nauru was Captain John Fearn, an English explorer who got here to the island in 1798. Germany took management of the island in 1888, after which Australia took over in 1914. In 1968, Nauru turned unbiased, or free, from Australian management. However the individuals of Nauru nonetheless use the Australian greenback for cash.