Samoa <<suh MOH uh>> is an island nation within the South Pacific Ocean. It lies within the western a part of the Samoa Islands chain. American Samoa, an space of land managed by the USA, lies within the japanese a part of the chain. Samoa is among the smallest nations on the planet. It’s made up of two most important islands, Upolu and Savai’i, and lots of smaller islands. Apia is the capital and solely metropolis of Samoa.
The islands of Samoa have been shaped by volcanoes. A volcano on Savai’i nonetheless erupts, or shoots out lava and fuel. It final erupted from 1905 to 1911, masking a part of the island with lava rock.
The island shores are lined with tall coconut palm timber. The rocky, reddish-brown soil close to the coasts is sweet for rising bananas. Different crops embrace taro, which has an underground stem that may be eaten, and cacao, a tree whose seeds are used to make chocolate and cocoa.
The individuals of Samoa are an island individuals referred to as Polynesians. Polynesians have lived in Samoa for at the very least 2,000 years.
Samoa makes most of its cash from farming. Most people are farmers. The primary meals crops are bananas, cacao, coconuts, tropical fruit referred to as breadfruit, and taro.The individuals additionally increase pigs and chickens and catch fish.
Polynesian royal households dominated the Samoa Islands till the top of the 1800’s. Within the first half of the 1900’s, Samoa was dominated by Germany after which by New Zealand. At the moment, it was referred to as Western Samoa. It turned an unbiased nation in 1962 and altered its identify to only Samoa in 1997. In 2011, Samoa modified time zones to spice up commerce and tourism with neighboring New Zealand and Australia.