Papua New Guinea <<PAP yoo uh noo GIHN ee>> is a tropical nation north of Australia within the Pacific Ocean. Papua New Guinea consists of a part of the island of New Guinea, plus a sequence of islands that stretches throughout greater than 1,000 miles (1,600 kilometers) of the ocean. Papua New Guinea shares the island of New Guinea with Indonesia, which borders it on the west. Port Moresby, on the island of New Guinea, is the capital and the most important metropolis.
he bigger islands of Papua New Guinea have many excessive mountain ranges. Volcanoes rise on the northern coasts, and thick forests cowl a lot of the remainder of the islands. Swamps lie alongside the coasts.
The small islands are the tops of underwater mountains. Lots of them have coral reefs. A coral reef is a spot within the ocean the place the stays of hundreds of thousands of tiny coral animals have piled up and hardened over a very long time to type an extended, underwater hill referred to as a reef. All of the islands have a scorching, humid local weather.
Virtually all of the individuals in Papua New Guinea are Melanesians. Most of them reside in small villages. They farm the land and develop most of their very own meals. About forty % of the individuals reside in valleys away from the coast. These individuals didn’t meet individuals from Europe till the 1930’s.
About 850 languages are spoken in Papua New Guinea. When individuals from totally different teams speak to one another, they use a language that the majority of them perceive. One language is Pidgin English, or Tok Pisin. One other is Police Motu.
The overwhelming majority of the youngsters go to high school till they’re about 12 years previous. Solely a small proportion of youngsters go on to highschool.
Assets and merchandise
Most people of Papua New Guinea are farmers. They develop cassava, candy potatoes, taro, and yams for meals. Additionally they develop merchandise to promote. Cocoa, coconuts, espresso, palm oil, rubber, and tea are the primary money crops. Copper and gold are mined within the nation.
Individuals lived within the islands at the least 50,000 years in the past. Within the early 1500’s, Spanish and Portuguese explorers landed there. Later, the Dutch and English visited a number of islands. At totally different occasions since then, the nation has been run by Germany, Britain, Australia, and Japan.
The islands turned unbiased in 1975. Preventing broke out in 1988, and the island of Bougainville declared itself unbiased. The federal government and insurgent leaders signed a peace treaty in 2001. Papua New Guinea promised to let Bougainvilleans vote about independence and allowed the individuals to elect their very own authorities.