The Solomon Islands is an island nation within the South Pacific Ocean. It lies about 1,000 miles (1,610 kilometers) northeast of Australia and has six principal islands and lots of small islands. Honiara is the capital and largest metropolis.
The primary islands vary in measurement from ninety to one hundred twenty miles (one hundred forty to one hundred ninety kilometers) lengthy and from 20 to 30 miles (32 to forty eight kilometers) throughout. These islands have been shaped by volcanoes. They’re mountainous and coated with tropical crops. The climate there’s scorching and wet.
Most Solomon Islanders are a Pacific Island individuals referred to as Melanesians <<mehl uh NEE zhuhnz>>. Virtually all of them stay in nation villages. Many individuals construct homes on stilts—lengthy poles that increase the homes off the bottom. This retains the homes cool and dry. The individuals’s principal meals embrace hen, fish, pork, coconuts, candy potatoes, and the rootlike stems of the taro plant. English is the official language, however about ninety different languages are spoken as nicely.
Fish, timber, palm oil, cocoa, and copra, or the dried meat of coconuts, are the primary merchandise of the Solomon Islands. The nation has good delivery, however few roads.
Individuals from New Guinea in all probability first settled the Solomon Islands about 6,000 years in the past. Britain took management of the Solomons within the 1890’s. Some islands within the Solomons have been the scene of a lot bloody preventing between Allied and Japanese forces in 1942 and 1943, throughout World Conflict II (1939-1945). The Solomon Islands turned unbiased in 1978.
Within the early 2000’s, preventing broke out on Guadalcanal Island between the islanders and other people from Malaita Island. Many Malaita Islanders moved to Guadalcanal throughout and after World Conflict II. Troopers from Australia and different nations got here to Guadalcanal to maintain the peace. A lot of the preventing ended by 2004.