Guyana flagGuyana <<gy AN uh>> is a rustic on the northeast coast of South America. It borders Venezuela, Brazil, and Suriname. The most important metropolis, Georgetown, is Guyana’s capital and chief port. Virtually all of the individuals stay in cities and villages on the low-mendacity coastal plain. Forests cowl a lot of the remainder of the nation. The areas within the south and west have mountains, excessive waterfalls, and savannas, or grasslands with scattered timber. A few of Guyana’s land has by no means been explored.

About half the individuals are East Indians. Their ancestors got here from India. About forty % of Guyana’s individuals are blacks, whose ancestors have been Africans. The remaining are American Indians, Europeans, or Chinese language.

Farming and mining are necessary to Guyana’s financial system. Individuals develop citrus fruits, coconuts, rice, and sugar. Farmers additionally increase cattle, chickens, and hogs. Mines produce bauxite (the rock used to make aluminum), which is bought to different nations. The nation additionally has diamond and gold mines. Guyana has priceless forests.

Guyana mapArawak, Carib, and Warrau Indians lived in Guyana earlier than Dutch settlers arrived in 1581. British and French settlers got here later. The settlers introduced blacks from Africa to work as slaves. Britain gained management of Guyana in 1814. In 1831, it renamed the territory British Guiana. The British stopped slavery, and sugar planters then introduced staff from India.British Guiana turned unbiased in 1966, altering its identify to Guyana.

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