Ecuador <<EHK wuh dawr>> is a small nation in South America. It’s on the west coast of South America alongside the Pacific Ocean, in between Colombia and Peru. The equator crosses Ecuador and provides the nation its identify. Ecuador is the Spanish phrase for equator. The equator is an imaginary line that runs across the center of Earth midway between the North and South poles. Quito <<KEE toh>> is the capital metropolis.
The excessive Andes Mountains rise via central Ecuador. A flat plain stretches west of the Andes and runs alongside the Pacific Ocean. East of the Andes Mountains, a big jungle covers virtually half the nation. Few individuals reside there.
The Galapagos Islands lie about 600 miles (970 kilometers) off the coast. A lot of the islands are the peaks of volcanoes. The Galapagos are recognized for his or her uncommon animals and crops.
About seventy five % of Ecuadoreans think about themselves mestizos. Mestizos have each European and indigenous (native) ancestors. Smaller ethnic teams embrace whites; indigenous individuals; and Afro-Ecuadoreans, who’ve African ancestors.
Whites make up the wealthiest and strongest group in Ecuador. Indigenous individuals and other people with African ancestry are the poorest and endure from prejudice. A lot of organizations work for the rights of indigenous and Afro-Ecuadorean individuals.
Spanish is Ecuador’s official language. In areas the place most individuals are indigenous, their native languages could also be used because the official languages. Most Ecuadoreans reside in cities, which have individuals of various backgrounds and cultures.
Ecuador has essential petroleum deposits. Oil ranks because the nation’s main export. Service industries and agriculture are additionally essential to the nation’s financial system. Service industries are financial actions that present providers relatively than produce items.
Farmers in Ecuador develop bananas, cacao, espresso, sugar cane, and different crops in coastal areas. Cacao is a seed used to make chocolate and cocoa. Crops grown within the central highlands embrace barley, corn, potatoes, and wheat. Ecuador can also be the world’s main producer of a light-weight wooden referred to as balsa.
The nation’s manufactured merchandise embrace chemical compounds, Panama hats, processed meals, woven material, and wooden merchandise. Mined merchandise embrace gold, limestone, oil, sand, and silver.
Within the 1400’s, Inca Indians from Peru conquered a lot of what’s now Ecuador. At the moment, many various American Indian tribes lived in Ecuador. The Inca united many of those tribes beneath one authorities and taught them Quechua, the Inca language.
The Spanish took over the Inca empire in 1534. They made Quito their capital. They constructed many lovely church buildings and public buildings there. The Spanish dominated the nation for nearly 300 years. Ecuador gained independence in 1830.