Antarctica <<ant AHRK tih kuh>> is the continent that covers and surrounds the South Pole. Its land is roofed by ice.Antarctica is the coldest and iciest place on the planet. The South Pole lies close to the center of Antarctica on a excessive, flat, windy space of ice and snow.

Antarctica is bigger in space than the continents Europe and Australia, however it might be the smallest continent with out its icecap. This icy layer, about 7,one hundred ft (2,200 meters) thick, provides Antarctica extra land space.

Beneath all that ice, there are mountains, lowlands, and valleys. The Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, and Southern oceans separate Antarctica from the remainder of the world. Ships should steer round icebergs and break by means of big piles of ice to get there. On land, big glaciers—thick, sluggish-shifting sheets of ice—inch towards the ocean.

Temperatures in Antarctica rarely attain above freezing, or 32 °F (zero °C). The world’s lowest temperature was recorded right here on July 21, 1983. It was −128.6 °F (−89.2 °C).

Just a few small crops and bugs are capable of reside in Antarctica. However a variety of animals swim within the chilly waters surrounding the continent. These hardy animals embrace fish, penguins, seals, whales, and lots of sorts of flying birds.

We all know that Antarctica has coal and different minerals. And scientists consider there could also be oil close by underneath the bottom on the backside of the ocean. None of Antarctica’s minerals have been used.

Antarctica was first sighted in 1820. In the course of the mid-1800’s, a number of explorers sailed alongside its coast. They discovered that it was large enough to be referred to as a continent.Individuals started to discover the land within the early 1900’s.The Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen reached the South Pole in 1911. In a race that thrilled the world, he obtained there 5 weeks forward of British explorers.

In 1959, twelve nations agreed to make use of Antarctica primarily for science and analysis. As we speak, scientists do analysis on the continent all yr lengthy.

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