The Volga <<VAHL guh or VOHL guh>> River is the longest river in Europe. It flows 2,300 miles (3,700 kilometers) through western Russia. The Volga begins in the Valdai Hills, about 200 miles (320 kilometers) southeast of St. Petersburg. It then flows southward to the Caspian Sea.
Most of the Volga is frozen for three months of each year. Canals connect the river with the Baltic Sea, the White Sea, and the Black Sea by way of the Sea of Azov.
Farmers grow wheat in the river valley. The area is also rich in minerals and is the center of a large oil industry.
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