The Syrian <<SEER ee uhn>> Desert is a desert in southwestern Asia. It covers parts of Jordan, Syria, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia. The desert is the northwestern part of the larger Arabian Desert. The high plains of the Syrian Desert slope down to the Euphrates River, its eastern boundary. A mountainous area stands above the central part of the desert. Deeply cut wadis (dry valleys) wind down from these mountains to the Euphrates.
The Syrian Desert contains several towns that have grown up around oases. The area includes the famous ruins of Palmyra in central Syria. Palmyra thrived more than 2,000 years ago as a major stop for caravans.
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