The Bronx is one of the five boroughs ( districts) that make up New York City. The Bronx lies across the Harlem River from Manhattan. It is bounded on the west by the Hudson River, on the east by Long Island Sound, and on the south by the East River.
The Bronx is chiefly a residential borough. Bronx Park lies in the center of the Bronx. It includes the Bronx Zoo and the New York Botanical Garden, an important scientific institution. Pelham Bay Park is at the northeastern edge of the borough. It is New York City’s largest park.Rikers Island, in the East River, is home to one of the largest jail facilities in New York state.
Fordham University and Lehman College have campuses to the west of Bronx Park. The campus of Bronx Community College of the City University of New York includes the Hall of Fame for Great Americans. The hall honors the memory of people who have greatly influenced the history of the United States. Yankee Stadium, in the southwestern part of the Bronx, is home to the New York Yankees baseball team.
Algonquian-speaking Indians lived in what is now the Bronx when Dutch settlers arrived in the 1600’s. Jonas Bronck was the area’s first European settler. Bronck was a Swedish sea captain who had lived in the Netherlands. The Bronx River and, later, the borough were named for him.