Ballarat


Ballarat is the largest inland city in Victoria, Australia. The city was a center of the Australian gold rushes of the 1800′s. The official spelling of the city’s name is Ballaarat, from two Aboriginal words meaning resting place.

Ballarat lies about 70 miles (112 kilometers) west of Melbourne. It is an important road and railway junction for the state of Victoria. Farmers settled the Ballarat area in the late 1830′s. The first gold find at Ballarat was made in August 1851. In 1870, wild speculation caused a recession and collapse of the mining industry. The last mine closed in 1918.

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