Ashgabat <<ASH guh BAHT>> is the capital of Turkmenistan. It’s typically referred to as Ashkhabad. The town lies in an oasis within the Karakum desert in southern Turkmenistan.The Karakum Canal provides the town with water from the Amu Darya, a river greater than 250 miles (four hundred kilometers) away. Irrigation ditches line each side of many roads in Ashgabat.

Ashgabat was based in 1881 as a army outpost for the Russian Empire. It turned the capital of Turkmenistan in 1924, when Turkmenistan was made a republic of the Soviet Union. An earthquake destroyed a lot of the town in 1948. It was rebuilt with low buildings. When Turkmenistan turned an unbiased nation in 1991, Ashgabat remained the capital.

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