The Arctic <<AHRK tihk>> is the world across the North Pole that’s all the time chilly. It consists of the Arctic Ocean, many islands, and elements of northern Europe, Asia, and North America.

 Within the true Arctic, it’s too chilly for timber to develop. In summer time, the typical temperature there’s under 50 °F (10 °C). In winter, the temperature is about −30 °F (−34 °C) and may be a lot colder.
The Arctic has the world’s greatest fishing grounds. It additionally has coal, oil, iron, and different minerals.

A lot of the Arctic land is roofed with swampy plains referred to as tundra <<TUHN druh>>. In spring, the higher layer of soil, referred to as the topsoil, thaws. Almost 1,seven hundred sorts of crops develop there, together with mosses, lichens, grasses, and flowers. Underneath the moist topsoil is a layer of soil referred to as permafrost. The permafrost is all the time frozen.

Many animals stay within the Arctic, together with reindeer and caribou. Hunters lure ermine, martens, and sables for his or her fur. Different animals embrace bears, foxes, hares, squirrels, lemmings, and voles. Many birds, together with geese and ptarmigan, nest within the Arctic.

Inuit, or Eskimos, reside in lots of elements of the Arctic. Many Asian peoples additionally stay there. Zyrians and Lapps, two teams associated to trendy Finlanders, reside within the Arctic areas of northern Europe.

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