Cyprus <<SY pruhs>> is an island nation within the northeast nook of the Mediterranean Sea. It lies about forty miles (sixty four kilometers) south of Turkey. Nicosia <<NIHK uh SEE uh>> is the capital and largest metropolis.
Greater than 4-fifths of the individuals have Greek ancestors, and a lot of the relaxation have Turkish ancestors. Most Greeks in Cyprus are Christians, and most Turks are Muslims. Youngsters are required to go to high school for eight or 9 years, and most of the people can learn and write.
Somewhat greater than half the individuals stay in cities or cities. The remaining reside within the nation. The local weather is nice all yr, and tourism is a vital enterprise. Individuals additionally work in farming, mining, and factories.
In 1571, Cyprus turned a part of the Ottoman Empire, which was based mostly in what’s now Turkey. In 1878, it got here beneath British rule. Cyprus turned unbiased in 1960. However some Greek Cypriots needed to be a part of Greece, and a few Turkish Cypriots needed to be a part of Turkey. Preventing occurred between the teams.