Afghanistan

Afghanistan flagAfghanistan is a rustic in southwestern Asia. The land is roofed with mountains and deserts, valleys and plains. Afghanistan has no seacoast. It borders the nations of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan on the north and China on the far northeast. Pakistan lies to the east and south. Iran lies to the west. Kabul is the capital and largest metropolis of Afghanistan.

Land

Afghanistan resourcesAfghanistan is a rustic of rugged land and really dry climate. Mountain ranges unfold throughout the middle of Afghanistan and canopy a lot of the nation. The very best snow-topped peaks are within the Hindu Kush mountains of japanese Afghanistan. Individuals stay in excessive, slender valleys between the mountains.

North of the mountains are excessive flatlands and hilly lands. The soil is wealthy, however the climate could be very dry. Most farms are in river valleys, the place individuals have dug canals to hold water from the rivers to their crops. In lots of elements of northern Afghanistan, individuals increase sheep and goats.

The land south of the mountains is especially desert. However farmers develop barley, corn, fruit, and wheat in part of this area referred to as the Helmand River Valley.

Assets and merchandise

Most people of Afghanistan farm for a dwelling. A few of the individuals transfer from place to put with their livestock to seek out grazing land. Wheat is the nation’s essential crop.

Afghanistan is wealthy in minerals, however most are nonetheless within the floor. Within the 1960’s, pure fuel was found in Afghanistan. Right now, the manufacturing of pure fuel is a vital enterprise.

Individuals

Afghanistan peopleVirtually all of the individuals of Afghanistan are Muslims <<MUHZ luhmz>>. Muslims comply with the faith of Islam. Afghanistan is residence to about 20 totally different teams of individuals. Most of those teams have their very own language and lifestyle. The most important teams are the Pashtuns and the Tajiks. Most Pashtuns reside in southeastern Afghanistan. They converse Pashto, considered one of Afghanistan’s two official languages. Most Tajiks reside in central and northeastern Afghanistan. Some Tajiks converse Dari, the opposite official language.

Historical past

Afghanistan mapAfghanistan has had an extended historical past. Prehistoric searching individuals lived in what’s now Afghanistan as early as one hundred,000 years in the past.

Within the early days, Persians, Greeks, Mongols, and lots of different peoples managed the world. In 1919, Afghanistan turned an unbiased nation. Within the 1990’s, an Islamic group referred to as the Taliban got here to energy. They allowed worldwide terrorist organizations to create coaching camps in Afghanistan. After terrorist assaults towards america in 2001, america and anti-Taliban forces inside Afghanistan drove the Taliban from energy. Afghan leaders adopted a brand new structure in 2004. The individuals elected a president in 2004 and a Nationwide Meeting in 2005. In 2006, the North Atlantic Treaty Group (NATO) took over peacekeeping and safety duties from the U.S.-led alliance. By 2011, the preventing had intensified.

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