Tula was an ancient Native American city. Tula was built by people called the Toltecs in what is now Mexico. The Toltecs lived in Tula from the A.D. 900’s to about 1200. The city’s ruins lie near the town of Tula de Allende, about 45 miles (70 kilometers) north of Mexico City. No one knows what the Toltecs themselves called the city.

 Many scientists believe Tula was the capital of the Toltec empire. Some scientists think Tula was actually Tollan. Tollan was a Toltec capital described in legends by another group of Native Americans called the Aztecs.

Tula’s economy was based on manufacturing and trading a variety of goods. The city’s specialty was tools made fromobsidian. Obsidian is a black glass that comes from volcanoes. Tula’s people also used irrigation to grow such crops as corn and beans.

Most of Tula’s houses were one-story buildings with adobe walls and flat roofs. The city also had ball courts and pyramids with temples on top.

Tula started as a small village. It grew until 50,000 people lived there. Around 1200, the Toltecs abandoned the city.

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