Transylvania <<TRAN sihl VAY nee uh or TRAN sihl VAYN yuh>> is a historical region that covers most of central and northwest Romania.The Carpathian Mountain System separates Transylvania from the rest of Romania. The region has rich mineral and fossil fuel deposits among its mountains covered with beech and oak forests. Sheep and cattle are raised in Transylvania, and its valleys produce much grain and tobacco.
Transylvania is the fictional home of the legendary vampire, Dracula. The character of Dracula is based on Vlad Tepes, a cruel prince of the 1400’s who lived in Walachia, a region south of Transylvania. Vlad executed many of his enemies by driving a stake through (impaling) their bodies, giving him the nickname, Vlad the Impaler. Dracula (1897), a novel by the Irish author Bram Stoker, made the legend famous.