Tibet <<tih BEHT>> is a land in south-central Asia that has been a part of China because the 1950’s. The remainder of China lies alongside Tibet’s northern and japanese border. India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Myanmar (previously referred to as Burma) all contact its southern border.
Tibet is usually referred to as the “Roof of the World.” Its mountains, the Himalaya, are the very best on the planet. The world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest, rises on Tibet’s border with Nepal. Lhasa, in southern Tibet, is the capital and largest metropolis.
A excessive, chilly area referred to as the Plateau <<plah TOH>> of Tibet covers a lot of the land. Excessive mountains encompass the plateau. The snowy Himalaya mountains rise alongside the south fringe of the plateau.
Giant areas of Tibet are coated by gravel, rock, and sand. There are a couple of grasslands and forests, and a few valleys have good farmland.
Tibetans are very spiritual Buddhists. Because the 1500’s, they’ve appeared to the Dalai <<dah LY>> Lama, or Excessive Lama, because the ruler of Tibet and the very best holy chief. There have been 14 Dalai Lamas. The present Dalai Lama lives in exile, in India.
Most Tibetans reside in houses with stone or brick partitions and flat roofs. Each women and men put on lengthy robes with lengthy sleeves and a excessive collar.
Assets and merchandise
Nomads increase sheep and bushy oxen referred to as yaks within the northern grasslands. Nomads are individuals who transfer from place to put to seek out meals for his or her livestock.
Craftworkers weave material and make carpets. Tibetans promote wool, furs, mules, and ponies to different nations.
From the early 1700’s to 1911, Tibet was managed by China. In 1911, Tibetans pressured the Chinese language to go away, however China nonetheless considered Tibet as a part of China.
In 1950, Chinese language troopers entered Tibet. The subsequent yr, the Tibetans agreed to be a part of China. Nevertheless, they stored the appropriate to rule themselves and comply with their faith. In 1956, China tightened its management of Tibet. Chinese language individuals took over most authorities and educating jobs. The Chinese language pressured Tibetan farmers to develop wheat to feed Chinese language troopers as an alternative of barley for themselves.
In 1959, the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India. Whereas dwelling away from Tibet, the Dalai Lama labored to finish China’s management over Tibet by peaceable strategies. In 1989, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work.
All through the 1950’s and 1960’s, Tibetans fought towards Chinese language rule. Within the 1980’s, the Chinese language authorities loosened a few of its management over Tibet. The farmers have been allowed to develop the crops of their selection.