Tegucigalpa <<teh goo see GAHL pah>> is the capital and largest city of Honduras. It is in the mountainous south-central part of Honduras. Mountains border Tegucigalpa to the north. Several rivers and streams flow through the city.Tegucigalpa is more than 3,200 feet (975 meters) above sea level. It has pleasant weather all year long.
In the 1500’s, Spaniards set up a mining camp on the east bank of the Choluteca River. In 1578 or 1579, Spain established the mining community as Real de Minas de San Miguel de Tegucigalpa. Silver mining provided money to construct detailed buildings. Money from mining also helped develop farming and trade.
In 1880, Tegucigalpa became the capital of Honduras. The city is part of a political unit called the Central District. The Central District also includes the community of Comayagüela. The two communities share a common government.
City planners began to modernize Tegucigalpa in the late 1900’s. Modern buildings went up near the old, colonial-style Plaza Central. Shopping centers opened in the suburbs. Gated communities, areas that were not open to everyone, appeared. In contrast, city slums became more established. Today, Tegucigalpa is the political and cultural center of Honduras. But the northern city of San Pedro Sula has become the country’s economic center.