Prince Edward Island is one of the Atlantic Provinces of Canada. It is the only Canadian province that is not connected to the North American mainland. Prince Edward Island lies in the Gulf of St. Lawrence north of Nova Scotia. It is the smallest Canadian province. Charlottetown, on the southern coast, is the capital.
The land of Prince Edward Island is a plain with some meadows and forests. Low cliffs line the eastern and southern coasts.
The coastline has long stretches of sandy beaches. Some of these beaches have red sand, and others have white sand. In some areas, the coastline is broken up by deep bays and inlets—narrow arms of the sea that cut into the land. Several small islands lie near the shores. Lennox Island is the biggest.
Resources and products
Almost half of Prince Edward Island is farmland. Farmers grow potatoes, barley, tobacco, and vegetables. They plant hay to feed the milk cows. They raise beef cattle and hogs, too.
Fishing is a big industry on the island. Lobsters are by far the most valuable catch. Fishing fleets also catch crabs, herring, mackerel, oysters, and tuna. A seaweed called Irish moss is gathered off the coast. It is used to thicken makeup and food products.
There is very little manufacturing here because the island has no valuable minerals or cheap source of power. Factories prepare farm and fish products to be sold.
Tourism, or taking care of visitors, is an important industry in Prince Edward Island. Many people visit the province for sailing, surfing, and fishing.