Portugal flagPortugal <<PAWR chuh gahl>> is a small nation in Europe. It lies on the west coast of the Iberian Peninsula. A peninsula is a bit of land that’s virtually utterly surrounded by water. Portugal is bordered by Spain and the Atlantic Ocean. Lisbon is Portugal’s capital and largest metropolis.


Most of Portugal is flat. Nevertheless, mountain ranges minimize throughout the center of the nation and rise in japanese Portugal.

The coastal plains are flatlands that lie alongside the Atlantic Ocean. Many farming and fishing villages are within the coastal plains. Portugal’s major cities lie on the Atlantic Coast.

Alongside its border with Spain, areas of flat land are damaged by mountains. Farmers develop crops and lift animals on the areas of flat land.


About 5,000 years in the past, individuals referred to as Iberians lived in what’s now Portugal. Through the years, different new teams included Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Celts, Greeks, Romans, Visigoths, and North African Muslims. At the moment’s Portuguese individuals are a mix of all these teams. Because the mid-1960’s, many blacks from African areas as soon as managed by Portugal have moved to Portugal.

About half of Portugal’s individuals reside in small fishing or farming villages. Annually, numerous individuals from the nation areas transfer to the cities to seek out jobs.

Assets and merchandise

Till the mid-1900’s, most of Portugal’s cash got here from farming and fishing. Immediately, service industries and manufacturing are an important financial actions. Automobiles, chemical compounds, meals merchandise, and paper are essential manufactured items.

Portuguese farmers increase many sorts of crops. Nevertheless, they’re greatest recognized for his or her nice grapes, that are used to make wine.

Crucial mineral useful resource is stone utilized in constructing. This stone is discovered all through the nation. Different mined merchandise embrace copper, silver, tin, and zinc.

Historical past

Portugal mapIn the course of the 1400’s and 1500’s, courageous Portuguese explorers started a interval often known as the Nice Age of European Discovery. Throughout this time, an enormous Portuguese empire was constructed. This empire included areas of Africa, Asia, and South America.

Portugal’s energy started to lower within the late 1500’s, however the nation held onto a lot of its empire for greater than four hundred years. Within the 1960’s and 1970’s, nevertheless, it misplaced all however three of its abroad areas. It nonetheless has the Azores and the Madeira Islands within the North Atlantic Ocean. Nevertheless it returned Macao, a tiny land space on China’s southern coast, to China in 1999.

The 1970’s introduced massive modifications in Portugal. Leaders referred to as dictators had dominated the nation from 1926 to 1974. Throughout this era, individuals didn’t have full freedom. In 1974, a gaggle of army officers threw out the federal government. In 1976, Portugal modified to a democratic system of presidency during which the individuals elect their very own leaders.

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