Oslo is the capital and largest city of Norway. It is also the nation’s chief economic, industrial, and cultural center, and one of its leading seaports. Many forests and lakes lie within the Oslo area, making the city a favorite recreation center. Green hills and mountains surround the city.

Major industries of Oslo include shipbuilding and the production of chemicals, machinery, metals, paper, textiles, and wood products. Banking, communications, electronics, food processing, shipping, and tourism also play important roles in the city’s economy.

King Harold Hardrade founded Oslo about 1050. Fire destroyed the city in 1624, but it was rebuilt. Oslo became the capital of Norway in 1905, when the country gained its independence.

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