Nicaragua <<NIHK uh RAH gwuh>> is the most important nation of Central America. It’s bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, on the north by Honduras, and on the south by Costa Rica. Managua <<mah NAH gwah>> is the capital and largest metropolis.
Nicaragua has lowlands alongside the Pacific coast, highlands within the middle, and thick rain forests alongside the Caribbean coast. Just one-tenth of Nicaragua’s land is farmland.
Most of Nicaragua’s individuals are mestizos—a mix of Spanish and Indian peoples. Most individuals converse Spanish. Small teams of American Indians close to the Caribbean Sea converse Indian languages. Most individuals reside in cities and cities.
Though Nicaragua has little farmland, farming is the nation’s largest enterprise. One of the best farmland is close to the Pacific Ocean. Managua has many factories.
Christopher Columbus was the primary European to go to the land. In 1502, he claimed it for Spain. Later within the 1500’s, the Spaniards settled in western Nicaragua and made the world half of a bigger Spanish colony.
Nicaragua declared its independence in 1821, together with different Central American nations. In the course of the 1800’s and 1900’s, numerous teams inside Nicaragua fought for management of the federal government. Nicaragua held free elections in 1990. However the nation has been badly broken by years of preventing.