New York City is the largest city in the United States and one of the largest cities in the world. It lies along the Hudson River in the southeast corner of New York State. About 8 million people live in New York City, more than twice as many as live in any other U.S. city. New York City is one of the world’s most important centers for business and the arts. Over the years, millions of people from other countries came to live in New York.
The city has five main areas, called boroughs <<BUHR ohz>>. They are Brooklyn, the Bronx, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island.
Manhattan is the oldest, smallest, and most important borough. It sits on a long, narrow island on the city’s northwest side. Manhattan has the city’s tallest buildings. Many banks, book companies, shipping companies, and other businesses are also in Manhattan. Many important American plays and musicals start in Manhattan’s famous theater district. Many museums are also in Manhattan. The Statue of Liberty, one of America’s most famous symbols of freedom, stands near the city in New York Harbor.
In January 1785, New York became the temporary capital of the United States. Congress met there until 1790.
On Sept. 11, 2001, the World Trade Center in lower Manhattan was destroyed by terrorists.