Mount Everest is the mountain’s English name. It was named for Sir George Everest, a British official in India. Tibetans call it Chomolungma, and Nepalese call it Sagarmatha.
Many people have tried to climb Mount Everest. High winds, falling rocks and snow, and deep cracks make the climb difficult. On May 29, 1953, Sir Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal, a guide, were the first men to reach the top. Since then, several groups have climbed Mount Everest. On May 5, 1975, Junko Tabei of Japan became the first woman to reach the top.