Long Beach is a major industrial center and seaport in southern California. Long Beach lies along San Pedro Bay, 20 miles (32 kilometers) southeast of Los Angeles. The city has 7 miles (11 kilometers) of beaches. The Port of Long Beach is one of the busiest ports in the United States. The city is also a leading center for health care and manufacturing. Tourist attractions in Long Beach include the ocean liner Queen Mary, which is permanently docked there.
Shoshone Indians lived in what is now the Long Beach area before white settlers arrived there. Ranches covered most of the area until the 1880′s, when railroads linked the Midwest and southern California. Thousands of settlers came, and a group of investors founded Long Beach in 1888. The town was incorporated as a city in 1897. Long Beach developed as a resort city because of its beaches and warm climate. Oil discoveries in the 1920′s and 1930′s drew many people to the area. The aircraft industry developed in Long Beach during World War II (1939-1945).