The Labrador Peninsula is a large, thinly populated peninsula in eastern Canada. It is bounded on the northeast by the Labrador Sea, on the southeast by the Gulf of St. Lawrence, on the north by Hudson Strait, and on the west by Hudson Bay. The northeastern region of the peninsula lies in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The western and southern regions are part of Quebec.
The Labrador Peninsula is part of the Canadian Shield, a huge, rocky area that curves around Hudson Bay. The northernmost part of the peninsula is in the Arctic Circle. Most of the peninsula has long, cold winters and short summers.
Inuit and Innu people lived on the Labrador Peninsula when Europeans arrived there in the late 1400’s. First France and then Britain controlled the region until the mid-1800’s, when it became part of the Dominion of Canada. The present border between Quebec and Newfoundland and Labrador was set in 1927.
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