Jammu and Kashmir <<JUHM oo and KASH mihr or JUHM oo and kash MIHR>> is the northernmost state of India. It lies between Pakistan and China in the Himalaya mountain system. The state is the only one in India with a majority of Muslims. Srinagar is the largest city in Jammu and Kashmir. It is also the state’s summer capital. In the winter, the capital shifts south to Jammu.
The name Jammu and Kashmir often is shortened to Kashmir. It refers both to a state of India and to a disputed region controlled partly by India, partly by Pakistan, and partly by China. The disputed region covers 85,806 square miles (222,236 square kilometers). The nameKashmir comes from the region’s most heavily populated area, also called Kashmir. This area includes the Vale of Kashmir, also called the Kashmir Valley, which lies in the Indian-held section. The areas of Jammu and Ladakh lie mainly or partly in the Indian-held section. Areas in the Pakistani-held section are governed as Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas. China controls a part of Kashmir called Aksai Chin.