A lot of Henan lies on the North China Plain. The plain is a flat, fertile area created by the frequent flooding of the Huang He (Yellow River). The Huang He flows by way of the northern a part of the province. The western a part of Henan is mountainous. The province is usually referred to as the “breadbasket” of China. It’s a main producer of wheat and cotton. Henan can also be well-known for its wine grapes.
Henan has an extended and wealthy historical past. Zhengzhou ranks as one of many oldest cities in China. Excavations at Zhengzhou have uncovered objects from the Shang dynasty (1766-1045 B.C.). Three different cities in Henan—Anyang, Luoyang, and Kaifeng—have been historic capitals of China.
By concerning the 1500’s, Buddhist monks on the Shaolin monastery in Henan had developed a particular fashion of self-protection and preventing. Their methods developed right into a martial artwork referred to as Shaolin kung fu.