The people of ancient Egypt invented many wonderful things. These inventions include a form of picture writing called hieroglyphics <<hy uhr uh GLIHF ihks>> and a writing material like paper called papyrus <<puh PY ruhs>>. Papyrus was made from plants.
But the ancient Egyptians are best known for their pyramids. These huge buildings were tombs, or burial places, for their kings. Some of the pyramids still stand today. They are about 4,500 years old.
The Nile River was important to the ancient Egyptians. Almost no rain fell in the area, so people depended on the river for water. And farmers grew crops in the rich soil along the river.
The ancient Egyptians built great cities. The cities were centers of religion and government. But most people lived in villages outside the cities.
Trading was important to ancient Egypt. Egyptian trading ships sailed all over the ancient world. The Egyptians got gems, gold, and other riches through trade.
The Egyptians believed in life after death. They made mummies of the dead so that their bodies would not decay. Then they put the mummies in tombs along with clothing, food, and other things they thought people would need in their next life.