Delhi, <<DEHL ee>>, sometimes called Dilli, is political territory of India. It is also India’s second largest city. Only Mumbai has more people. Delhi is made up of three main census areas—Old Delhi, New Delhi, and Delhi Cantonment. New Delhi is India’s capital. The entire Delhi territory has an area of 573 square miles (1,483 square kilometers). A lieutenant governor and an executive council, all appointed by India’s president, head Delhi’s government.

 Delhi lies on the Yamuna (also called Jumna) River in north-central India. The Yamuna is a branch of the Ganges (also called Ganga) River. Delhi is about 93 miles (150 kilometers) south of the Himalayas. The state of Uttar Pradesh lies east of Delhi, and the state of Haryana lies to the north, south, and west.

The British built New Delhi 3 miles (5 kilometers) south of Old Delhi in the early 1900′s. Old Delhi was India’s capital from 1912 to 1931, when New Delhi became the capital. Officially, Old Delhi is called simply Delhi.

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