Cuba

Cuba flagCuba is a Caribbean island nation. It’s about ninety miles (one hundred forty kilometers) south of Florida. It lies on the intersection of main sea routes between the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico. The island nations of Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, and the Bahamas lie close to it. Cuba has one giant island, the place virtually all Cubans stay, and greater than 1,600 smaller islands. The nation has lovely sandy seashores. Within the waters off Cuba’s coasts lie colourful coral reefs—rocky formations made up of the stays of tens of millions of tiny animals.

Havana is the capital and largest metropolis of Cuba. It lies on the north coast within the western a part of the island. About one-fifth of Cuba’s individuals stay in Havana.

Land

Cuba has many mountain ranges. Between the mountain ranges, the nation has wealthy valleys and hills used for grazing animals and rising crops. Alongside a lot of the southwestern coast are low moist swamps. Cuba additionally has greater than 200 rivers and streams.

Individuals

Cuba cityVirtually half of Cuba’s individuals are white and of Spanish descent. A couple of are of African descent. The remaining are mulattoes <<muh LAH tohz>>, individuals with each black and white ancestors. Virtually all Cubans converse Spanish, the nationwide language.

Many individuals who reside within the nation are poor. Within the cities, there’s not sufficient housing. Two or extra households typically share an condo. Many sorts of meals are additionally briefly provide.

Individuals in Cuba take pleasure in music, dance, and sports activities. The federal government helps the humanities. Cuban individuals can go to performs and different occasions at no cost.

Youngsters are required to go to high school from ages 6 to 14. The federal government pays for all education, together with school and college schooling. Almost all Cubans can learn and write.

Many Cubans are Roman Catholic Christians. There are additionally a number of Protestant church buildings with many members. Some Cubans comply with Santería, a faith that mixes African and Catholic beliefs.

Assets and merchandise

Cuba has a Communist authorities. This authorities controls almost all of the nation’s main assets. It additionally owns all of the industries and banks. Some staff are allowed to arrange small companies. The federal government owns almost all of the farmland. Farmers should promote most of their crops to the state and should promote the remaining on their very own.

American corporations as soon as owned many manufacturing companies in Cuba. In 1960, the Cuban authorities took them over. At present, the most important business is meals processing, particularly making sugar from sugar cane. Cuba is legendary for making excellent cigars.

Mining is a vital business in Cuba. The nation’s mines produce a number of minerals. Crucial one is nickel. The fishing business can also be essential. The federal government runs this business, too.

Historical past

Cuba mapChristopher Columbus landed in Cuba in 1492 and claimed it for Spain. When he arrived, three Indian teams lived in Cuba: the Guanahatabey, the Ciboney, and the Taíno.Spaniards settled in Cuba within the 1500’s and dominated it for almost four hundred years.

Within the early 1800’s, Cuban teams started to wrestle for independence from Spain. In 1895, José Martí led a revolution. Hundreds of Cubans died within the preventing.

In 1898, a United States battleship, the Maine, was anchored in Havana Harbor to guard People from the preventing in Cuba. It exploded, and the USA blamed Spain for the explosion. The USA declared struggle on Spain. Spain gave up its rights in Cuba, and america took management. This angered many Cubans.

Cuba turned unbiased in 1901, however america continued to have a say in some Cuban affairs. The Cuban authorities did little to assist the poor. In 1933, the military pressured the federal government out. A military sergeant, Fulgencio Batista, took energy the subsequent yr. He gained an election and served a time period as president. Later, he took energy once more by drive.

In July 1953, a younger lawyer named Fidel Castro tried to start out a revolution towards Batista. He was captured and put in jail. Castro was launched in 1955 and led one other unsuccessful revolution in 1956. Then he and a small group of followers hid within the mountains of Cuba and arranged a brand new insurgent group. Individuals started to help Castro’s forces. On January 1, 1959, Castro took management of Cuba and arrange a robust Communist authorities. Castro dominated Cuba till 2008, when Raúl Castro, his brother, succeeded him.

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