Cassino <<kuh SEE noh>> is a town in central Italy about 75 miles (121 kilometers) southeast of Rome. Cassino lies along the Rapido River near a hill called Monte Cassino. A famous monastery has stood atop the hill since A.D. 529. From the 1000’s to the 1300’s, the monastery was a center of culture and education.
During World War II (1939-1945), Monte Cassino was the scene of brutal fighting between German and Allied soldiers. The Battle for Monte Cassino lasted from January to May 1944, when the Germans were defeated.Allied forces from the United States and United Kingdom were supported by troops from Canada, France, India, Morocco, Nepal, New Zealand, Poland, and other countries. Thousands of soldiers died in the fighting at Cassino. The town, which was almost completely destroyed, was rebuilt after the war.