Bangladesh <<BAHNG gluh DEHSH>> is a rustic in South Asia. It was as soon as a part of Pakistan. Bangladesh is bordered by Myanmar on the southeast, and by India on three sides. The southern border of Bangladesh lies alongside the Bay of Bengal. The Bay of Bengal is the northern a part of the Indian Ocean. Dhaka is the nation’s capital and largest metropolis. In inhabitants, Bangladesh is likely one of the largest nations on the planet.
Bangladesh has seen exhausting occasions in its brief historical past. It has seen struggle. A conflict led to Bangladesh turning into an unbiased nation in 1971. It has seen starvation. The individuals can’t develop sufficient meals to feed everybody who lives right here. Bangladesh has additionally seen many pure disasters.Cyclones, tornadoes, tidal waves, and floods hit Bangladesh virtually yearly.
Most of Bangladesh is made up of flat land. Lots of its rivers and streams overflow within the wet season. When the water degree drops, wealthy soil is left behind. This soil is nice for farming, however the floods do critical injury, too.
The climate is heat and humid all yr lengthy. Northwestern Bangladesh is likely one of the rainiest locations on the planet. It could possibly get 250 inches (635 centimeters) of rain in a yr.
Assets and merchandise
Bangladesh is likely one of the poorest nations of the world. As we speak, the nation grows extra meals and makes extra merchandise than it did up to now. However the variety of individuals within the nation has additionally grown so quick that there’s nonetheless not sufficient for everybody.
Bangladesh’s financial system will depend on farming. The nation has few pure assets. Nevertheless, business is rising. Many factories make clothes and textiles, or woven material.
A civil struggle in 1971 harm the nation’s financial system. Farming stopped in lots of locations as a result of hundreds of thousands of individuals left their houses to flee the preventing. Factories and outlets have been destroyed. Transportation and different methods have been broken. After Bangladesh turned unbiased, the federal government took over the primary companies and industries.
Good soil is the nation’s main pure useful resource. Most people farm for a dwelling. Rice grows in virtually each a part of Bangladesh, making the nation one of many world’s main rice-rising nations. Bangladesh additionally produces extra jute than some other nation. Jute is a plant whose fibers are made into string or woven into material.Bangladesh sells jute to different nations. Though so many individuals farm, Bangladesh can’t develop sufficient meals for all its individuals. Most farmers nonetheless use old style instruments and strategies.
Bangladesh’s giant inhabitants can also be a serious drawback. There are extra individuals per sq. mile in Bangladesh than in lots of different nations.
Most people of Bangladesh are descendants of peoples who got here right here hundreds of years in the past. They got here from what at the moment are Myanmar (additionally referred to as Burma), Tibet, and northern India.
The individuals of Bangladesh in the present day are referred to as Bangladeshis. Most Bangladeshis belong to a individuals referred to as Bengalis. Their language can also be referred to as Bengali.
Most Bangladeshis are farmers. They work exhausting on small items of land. Many individuals who work in cities make little or no cash.
Through the years, many various rulers have managed what’s now Bangladesh. Within the 1700’s and 1800’s, the British took management of current-day Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. In the course of the late 1800’s, the individuals there referred to as for independence. In 1947, two unbiased nations have been shaped—India and Pakistan. Pakistan had two elements.West Pakistan was northwest of India. East Pakistan was east of India. A thousand miles separated them.
The peoples of East Pakistan and West Pakistan had many variations. They fought one another in a struggle. In 1971, East Pakistan turned an unbiased nation. At present, this nation known as Bangladesh.